Chinese American Civil Rights Organizations in the United States


Chinese people are considered to be collectivist, meaning they place a great deal of importance on their community and put the needs of society before their own desires. They also believe in the spirit of cooperation and teamwork.

The journal publishes empirical studies on contemporary China with important theoretical implications. Its interdisciplinary focus encompasses research in areas such as sociology, economics, history, politics and political science.

Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association

The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (; pinyin: zhonghua huiguan; Jyutping: zung1wa4 gung1 suo2), or CCBA, is an organization established to protect and support members of the Chinese community. It also works to promote Chinese culture and advance the well-being of the community.

Its original functions included informing Chinese residents of Canadian laws, protecting them from discrimination through legal means, and dealing internally with crimes in Chinatown through arbitration between its members. It also provided assistance to those who were sick or poor.

The CCBA often worked with mainstream organizations to provide help and services to Chinese community members. For example, it worked with the Visiting Nurse Service to offer free health screenings in Chinatown. In addition, the CCBA helped the homeless and assisted new arrivals with employment, lodging, and marital, funeral and medical matters. The CCBA also promoted political activism and encouraged Chinese residents to participate in government events. The former mayor of Los Angeles, Tom Bradley, kept close ties with the CCBA and Chinatown during his term in office.

Chinese Progressive Association

Chinese Progressive Association educates, organizes, and empowers low income working class immigrant adults and youth to strengthen their voices through social justice direct action campaigns and leadership development. Their work includes tenants’ rights, workers’ rights, Chinatown community issues and building alliances with other oppressed communities.

They also fight against national security scapegoating and racial profiling of Asians, especially through their work supporting Professor Xiaoxing Xi, who was falsely prosecuted by the FBI for sharing technology with his Chinese-based company. They facilitated the ENSS speaking tour with him at SFSU, UC-Berkeley, and Stanford University to educate the public about this issue.

They’ve also strengthened their environmental justice work and sent member and staff delegations to Hong Kong to deepen analysis of global struggle against corporate-led globalization. They’ve pushed back against racist police violence, supported the fight-back against new waves of anti-immigrant legislation and worked for normalized U.S.-China relations. They also collaborate with allies to support immigrants’ organizing efforts and create cross cultural, youth empowerment programs like Youth MOJO.

Purdue University Undergraduate Chinese Association

Some educators favor limiting visas for Chinese students on the grounds that it could rein in problems associated with the surge in their enrollments at American universities, including pedagogical challenges in classrooms, self-segregating social “bubbles” that exacerbate alienation and disillusionment, and financially motivated admission of underqualified (sometimes fraudulent) students. But others argue that restrictions of this sort would devastate financially-reliant universities, and that addressing problems of over-enrollment, student acclimation, and proper screening should come at the university level, not the federal government.

Purdue President Mitch Daniels reacted strongly to the ProPublica report, writing an email to students, faculty and staff that he was “disappointed that we only learned about the intimidation of our student, Zhihao Kong, through national news reports.” He said he hoped the identity of the individuals who threatened Kong would be determined and they would face appropriate disciplinary action. He also urged all students to continue to speak out for freedom and for those who sacrificed for it, regardless of whether they are pro-democracy activists or supporters of Beijing.

Chinese American Citizens Association

The Chinese American Citizens Association is the oldest Asian civil rights organization in the United States. Originally founded as the Native Sons of the Golden State in 1895, it became a fraternal order with national and local lodges. The CACA fought against racism and worked for equal rights and economic opportunities for people of Chinese ancestry.

Associations like these can offer important clues about the lives of your ancestors. Membership applications, rosters, and letters between members, the CACA, and government officials can all provide insight into their lives.

ACA is currently working to apply for National Historic Landmark and Historic District status for their headquarters at 1044 Stockton Street in San Francisco. They also operate four service centers that provide community services including ESL classes, Medicaid/Medicare assistance, social work services, recreation and exercise programs, and health seminars. Yen Wulin Chinese School will open for 2022 registration on Friday Sepetember 9. For more information, please see the Yen Wulin website.

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